(11/2019 Updated) The Legend of Pilot Elite S Pocket Fountain Pen Series 百樂Elite S短鋼筆家族歷史介紹

The Legend of Pilot Elite S Pocket Fountain Pen Series
傳奇短鋼筆——百樂Elite S短鋼筆家族歷史介紹

Pilot Elite S Pocket Pen Series

Dimensions 尺寸資料
Length capped 含蓋:11.5 cm
Length uncapped 不含蓋:10.1 cm
Length posted 套蓋:14.2 cm

你或許也見過這枝短鋼筆甚至擁有其中一枝:黑色筆桿、金色筆夾,筆蓋上有“Elite”或“E”字的字樣。Elite S短鋼筆的外表的確有點不起眼,但它的故事,絕不如它的外表般平凡⋯⋯

You may have seen or even owned one of those pocket pens which usually have a black and gold body with an “Elite” or simply “E” printed on the cap. Elite S pocket pen did look a bit ordinary, but we should not judge a pen by its appearance. The story of Elite S pocket pen is not ordinary as its appearance…

傳奇的誕生 The Rise of the Legend

1960年代,日本筆廠間競爭激烈。即使是規模數一數二的百樂,亦在1968年陷入了財務危機(有說財務危機的原因之一,是百樂於50至60年代投放了過多資金研發Super系列、Capless等新產品)。就在此危急關頭,百樂推出集其技術之大成的短鋼——Elite S(エリート S),“S”應為“Short”之縮寫。

The 1960s was an age full of opportunities and challenges for pen manufacturer. Pilot, even though it was already one of the biggest pen company in Japan at that time, fell into financial crisis in 1968 (It is said that one of the reasons was that Pilot allocated too much funds to develop new pens like Super and Capless series.) At that critical juncture, Pilot launched out their second and ultimate pocket pen which embodies a range of Pilot pen technologies — Elite S (エリートS). “S” should stand for “Short”.

The first Elite S pocket pen

 

百樂在某商業電視頻道的支持下大力宣傳,更於1969年請來日本知名藝人大橋巨泉為之拍攝電視廣告。結果,廣告極其成功,Elite S短鋼風靡全國,成為當時慶祝入學或就業的送禮佳品。百樂因而轉危為機,更一躍成為日本鋼筆界真正的“Pilot”Elite S短鋼不單拯救了百樂,更開創了往後十數年短鋼的黃金時代。

Pilot promoted Elite S pocket pen with the support of a commercial TV channel. In 1969, they found famous Japanese artist Kyosen Ōhashi to make a TV advertisement for Elite S pocket pen. That was a big hit for the entire country. Elite S pocket pen became a popular gift for celebrating school registration and employment. Pilot turned the crises into opportunities. It is said that the Elite S pocket pen was the savior of Pilot and the creator of the golden age of pocket pen.

 

 

百樂Elite S 1969年最初的電視廣告。大橋巨泉手握Elite S短鋼,說了一首由5-7-5-7-7五句、共三十一個音節構成的日本詩歌「短歌」(Tanka),然後問了一句「明白了嗎?」,廣告便告結束。但所有人皆無法理解,甚至以為他在即興地說出毫無意義的話。據說大橋還會在其他節目詢問他人是否明白。這令此廣告、尤其是最後一句「ハッパ フミフミ」(Happa FumiFumi,或作「はっぱふみふみ」)風行全國,甚至成為一時的俚語以至Elite S短鋼的暱稱。

The first TV advertisement of Elite S pocket pen in 1969. Kyosen Ōhashi was holding an Elite S pocket pen and reading a “Tanka”, which is a genre of classical Japanese poetry consists five units usually with the following pattern of syllables: 5-7-5-7-7. He then asked: “Got it?” and the advertisement was ended. Audience, however, could understand nothing and even thought that he was saying a string of nonsense syllables extempore. It is said that Kyosen Ōhashi would asked others whether they understand his tanka or not in other shows. It made the advertisement much more popular. The last sentence “Happa fumifumi” (ハッパ フミフミ) even became a popular slang in Japan and also the nickname of the Elite S pocket pen.

不過,後來有人進行分析,認為該短歌並非毫無意義,而是經過精心設計。該短歌的五句句子其實是從五句完整句子中抽取並重新排列了一部分假音所組成的。五句完整句子的大概意思為介紹Elite S短鋼的特色:「筆身短小」、「如果你把筆蓋取下來」、「然後立刻把筆蓋套在筆尾上」、「可以立即書寫」、「可以寫很多東西」。(筆者並非日語能手,若果有錯歡迎隨時指正!)

Interestingly, someone pointed out that the tanko of Kyosen Ōhashi is not a string of nonsense syllables, but an inspissation of five sentences that introduced the selling point of Elite S pocket pen: “Short in size”, “if you take the cap off”, “and post it on the barrel”, “you could start writing immediately” and “you can write a lot of stuff”. (I’m just a beginner in Japanese. Feel free to correct me if I made a mistake!)

 

百樂Elite S短鋼較後期的電視廣告,其內容主要為大橋巨泉手握Elite S短鋼創作短歌,斟酌該用「ハッパ フミフミ」還是其他音節,最後還是認為「ハッパ フミフミ」較好,並展示自己手上的18K金尖Elite S。「ハッパ フミフミ」至此已成為流行用語,據說小孩還會到文具店要求買「ハッパ フミフミ」。

The later version of the Elite S pocket pen TV advertisement. Kyosen Ōhashi was writing a tanko and considering to use “Happa fumifumi” or another sentence. Then he figured out “Happa fumifumi” is the best choice and showed the Elite S pocket pen with a 18K-gold nib in his hand. It shows that “Happa fumifumi” at that time had already become a popular slang. It is said that children would go to the stationary store and asked for “Happa fumifumi”.

 

原本日本第一枝的短鋼(尤指口袋鋼筆)為寫樂於1963年推出的初代Mini,但百樂的Elite S名氣太大,甚至蓋過了寫樂和於1964年推出短鋼PK-1000的白金的風頭。如今仍有不少筆友誤認第一枝短鋼為Elite S。(小小題外話:百樂的第一枝短鋼應為1966年推出的Short伸縮短鋼,詳細介紹請按此。)

One fun fact is that the first pocket pen is the Mini launched by Sailor in 1963. Platinum also released their first pocket pen — PK-1000 — in 1964. But the reputation of Elite S is just too good that some people forget Mini and PK-1000 and mistake Elite S as the first pocket pen. (One more fun fact is that the first pocket pen of Pilot is Short, which was released in 1966. Click here for more information. Only Chinese version is available now.)

IMG_2420
百樂於1966年推出的第一枝短鋼——Short伸縮短鋼The first Pilot pocket pen came in 1966 — Short.

 

筆者手上的初代Elite S短鋼還附上了相當少見的包裝、保單及說明書。以下為簡略的開箱:

A rare vintage packing comes with my first Elite S. The following is a brief introduction of the Elite S packing:

紙包裝的正面及背面。The appearance of the outer packing.

Outer packing of Pilot Elite S pocket pen

Outer packing of Pilot Elite S pocket pen 2

 

筆盒。略帶奶白色的膠盒以現今角度看來有點廉價,但在當時應已是相當高級了。

The milky white plastic pen box of Elite S. I believe it’s a pretty high-class pen box back in the day.

Milky white plastic pen box of Elite S pocket pen

 

筆盒內部。除Elite S短鋼外,還有一張說明書及品質保證書。

Inside the pen box we get an Elite S pocket pen, the instructions of the pen and a quality guarantee.

Milky white plastic pen box of Elite S pocket pen with the instructions of the pen and a quality guarantee

 

說明書特寫,似乎有點錯印。上面介紹了百樂以前多種多樣的吸墨方式。

The instructions of the pen, which introduced different types of filling mechanism of old Pilot fountain pens.

The instructions of the pen of Pilot Elite S pocket pen

The instructions of the pen of Pilot Elite S pocket pen 2

 

Elite S短鋼家族 Elite S Pocket Pen Series

由於Elite S短鋼的熱賣,百樂陸陸續續推出更多Elite筆款,形成一個巨大的家族,例如於1969年便推出了擁有彩色筆桿的Elite S – KaraKara。光論最經典的黑金配色的Elite S短鋼,亦最少出現過三種版本。另外,除了我們熟悉的短鋼款外,Elite家族尚有較不出名的長鋼款,以及原子筆和鉛芯筆等。所以要追查整個Elite S家族到底有多少筆款極為困難。

After the instant success of Elite S, Pilot released a myriad of Elite pocket pens and a massive family was born. Just take the basic black and golden Elite S pocket pen as an example, three different versions were discovered. Not to mention there are unpopular full size fountain pens, ballpoint pen, mechanical pencil, etc. in the Elite family. It makes collecting all of the Elite pen nearly an impossible task.

 

以下為筆者所能收集到的Elite短鋼,未來也會持續更新:

The following are the Elite pocket pens I had collected, and I will try my best to keep updating the list once I get a new one.

Pilot Elite S Pocket Pen Series
筆者手上一部分Elite S短鋼合影。 A group photo of part of my Elite S pocket pen collection.
Pilot Elite S pocket pen, black, 18K-gold script nib
配搭18K Script尖的初代Elite S短鋼。The original Elite S pocket pen with 18K-gold script nib.
Pilot Elite S pocket pen, sterling silver cross hatch cap, 18K-gold nib
Elite S純銀格子蝕刻蓋短鋼,配搭18K-WG尖。另有全純銀版本,但筆者暫時未有資金入手。Pilot Elite S pocket pen, sterling silver cross hatch cap, 18K-gold nib. There is also a full sterling silver version, but I haven’t gotten one yet.
Pilot Elite S-KaraKara pocket pen
1969年面世的Elite S – KaraKara,色彩繽紛且可以互換的筆桿是其最大的賣點。詳細介紹請按此。 Elite S – KaraKara, which was released in 1969, has a colorful and interchangeable cap and barrel. Click here for more information.
IMG_2404
1970年代初日本筆壇出現競爭筆尖含金量的K金尖戰爭(詳情請按此)。1970年,百樂推出裝配22K金尖的Elite S – 22。詳細介紹請按此。 Between the late 1960s to early 1970s, Japanese pen companies competed for gold fineness (Click here to know more). In 1970, Pilot launched out Elite S – 22 with a 22K gold nib. Click here for more information.
Pilot Elite S pocket pen, employee-specific version, translucent pink barrel, 18K-Gold SF nib
筆者有幸在2019年台南筆展從人稱Mr.Pilot的百樂通新倉先生處入手的半透明粉紅色桿Elite S短鋼,據說是專屬百樂員工的限定版。 I was so lucky to meet Mr. Nīkura, who is known as Mr. Pilot as he had worked for Pilot many years and is fully acquainted with Pilot pens, and buy an Elite S pocket pen with translucent pink barrel, which is a version probably only available to Pilot staff, from him.
Pilot ESF-5000 pocket pen, 18K-Gold nib
筆者本以為這兩枝短鋼為Myu家族成員之一,因其筆蓋並未刻有或寫有“Elite”字樣,而且其筆夾及天冠與Myu類似。但是新倉先生指出其型號為ESF-5000,很可能亦為Elite家族的一員。 I thought that these two pocket pens are one of the Myu family because no “Elite” is found on the pen and their clip and cap top are similar to that of Myu. But Mr. Nīkura pointed out that the model of these pen is ESF-5000 and they should belong to Elite series.
IMG_3443
2013年,百樂復刻了1974年面世的第二代Elite S短鋼,稱之為Elite 95S,並推出黑色和酒紅桿兩種版本。藍色的Elite 95S則是專門為股東製造的特別版本。詳細介紹請按此。 In 2013, Pilot reproduced the second generation of Elite S pocket pen released in 1974 and named it as Elite 95S to celebrate their 95th anniversary. This blue one is a corporate edition just for Pilot shareholders. Click here to know more.

 

既為集大成之作,Elite家族上應用了不少類型的筆尖,最主要的為指甲尖、三角尖及大片尖三種。而筆尖材質亦頗為多樣,例如有鋼、白金(White Gold)、14K金、18K金甚至22K金

As a fountain pen that embodies a range of Pilot pen technologies, different kinds of nibs were used on the Elite S pocket pen, and 3 of them were the most common: nail-type nib, inlaid nib — that also named as squid in Japan — and a nib that I don’t know its official name so I’ll call it “triangle nib” which come from Chinese. Different materials were used on those nibs, included steel, white gold, 14K gold, 18K gold and even 22K gold.

IMG_7574
最常見於Elite S鋼筆上的三種筆尖:指甲尖、大片尖及三角尖。寫感各異。筆者私心喜愛指甲尖的外形和大片尖的寫感。 3 most common nib types you can find on the Elite pocket pen: nail-type nib, inlaid nib and “triangle nib”. I personally like the shape of the nail-type nib and the writing feedback of the inlaid nib.

 

吸墨器的使用 The Use of Converter

有些筆友不喜歡使用短鋼,因為許多短鋼只能使用卡水、難以取得的絕版吸墨器或自行改短吸墨器。不過Elite系列短鋼及大部分百樂短鋼都可以使用百樂現行的吸墨器,使用上來會比較方便。以下是一些有關百樂短鋼適用吸墨器的整理:簡易壓囊式(較Con-20便宜的那款)與Con-40絕對可用;Con-20有極少部分筆尾有可能會卡到一點點;Con-50有少部分不可用。(特別鳴謝筆友廖俊達分享!)

Some people dislike pocket pen because most of the pocket pen could only take the cartridge, elusive vintage converter or hand-make short converter. But Elite S pocket pen and lots of Pilot pocket pen are able to take most of the Pilot converter, expect some long converter like Con-W. It is known that the sac filler, which is even cheaper than Con-20, and Con-40 are suitable for all Pilot pocket pens; Con-20 get a very little change to hit the end of the barrel; Con-50 may not be able to use on a few of them. (Special thanks to Chun-tat Liao for sharing his own experience!)

IMG_3434
Elite 95S可裝配現產的Con-20吸墨器。  Elite 95S installed a Con-20 converter.

 

Elite S短鋼的產量大,定價不高,庫存新品也不難找,加上還有復刻版的Elite 95S,所以應該是最容易入手的短鋼之一。而且Elite系列短鋼可以使用部分百樂現行的吸墨器,較為方便。想要體驗短鋼的樂趣,Elite系列是不錯的選擇。

The Elite S pocket pen should be the easiest pocket pen to find since many old Elite S still remains in the second-hand market, and, not to mention, Pilot is still producing Elite 95S. What is more, lots of converter are suitable for Elite S pocket pen which make it more user-friendly. The Elite S pocket pen would be a good choose if you want to get your first pocket pen.

 

雖然Elite S的外表平平無奇,但它曾支撐一家筆廠迎難而上,讓我們現在仍得以繼續享受百樂帶給我們的書寫樂趣。可惜,它最終沒有如其他經典筆款般流傳不衰,除了Elite 95S外,Elite系列皆已停產,短鋼的風光日子亦已不復存在。不過,一枝好筆和它的故事,值得我們一再流傳、回味。希望大家能藉此文,更了解你手上那枝看似平平無奇的百樂Elite短鋼的故事。筆者也希望未來能收集到更多Elite短鋼,再與大家分享。

The Elite S pocket pen may seem a bit unobtrusive, but it rescued Pilot, that provide lots of fun in writing to us, from bankruptcy. Elite S series, expect Elite 95S, and the golden age of pocket pen was gone. But we should not forget those great design and its historic story. I hope you guys enjoy this article and get a deeper understanding of your Elite S pocket pen.

最後,衷心感謝你讀完了這篇超過二千字的文章(連英文近四千字)。重新撰寫及拍攝相片的過程其實有點辛苦,但這次補完了兩年前的一些不足之處,也有了新的發現(如百樂電視廣告的內容),甚有滿足感。希望未來能繼續進步,提升撰文的速度和質素。

At the end, thank you for reading this article that had nearly 2000 words (nearly 4000 combined Chinese).


References:

  1. Bruno Taut. (2018). Corporate Edition. Crónicas Estilográficas. Retrieved from https://estilofilos.blogspot.com/2013/07/elite.html
  2. 万年筆『エリート95S』新発売,パイロット。http://www.pilot.co.jp/press_release/2013/06/19/elite95s.html
  3. PILOT UNIQUE ELITE COLORED FOUNTAIN PEN, CLEAR SECTION:https://www.worthpoint.com/worthopedia/pilot-unique-elite-colored-fountain-117447074
  4. Glory 昭和CM チャンネル:〈懐かしのCM – パイロット – パイロットエリートS – 1969〉,《Youtube》。https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJovcHh5fVA
  5. TV黄金期の「巨泉語録」 はっぱふみふみ、ボイン,産経ニュース。https://www.sankei.com/photo/daily/news/160720/dly1607200022-n1.html
  6. 陳黎:〈短歌的美與哀愁〉,《印刻文學生活誌》2016 年 7 月,網址:http://faculty.ndhu.edu.tw/~chenli/Qidong_talks.pdf
  7. 大橋巨泉の「はっぱふみふみ」には本当に意味がないの?,ぴゃかじてん,https://pyaka.net/大橋巨泉の「はっぱふみふみ」には本当に意味が/

(11/2019 Updated) The Legend of Pilot Elite S Pocket Fountain Pen Series 百樂Elite S短鋼筆家族歷史介紹” 有 4 則迴響

    1. 娛生

      您好~因為百樂實在推出了太多Elite系列的鋼筆,而我尚未找到所有Elite鋼筆的型號,所以我只知道那枝鋼筆也是屬於Elite系列的一員,不太清楚它的全名是什麼。

    1. 娛生

      Pilot Super是百樂在1955至1959年推出的一系列鋼筆,有Super 100, 200, 300和500之分。但因為是長鋼,我沒有深入研究和入手。
      可惜wordpress的回應不能直接張貼圖片。有興趣的話你可以去Facebook「鋼筆﹑自動鉛筆情報局」搵尋「super」看看,有位筆友分享了一系列Pilot Super的相片~

發表迴響

在下方填入你的資料或按右方圖示以社群網站登入:

WordPress.com 標誌

您的留言將使用 WordPress.com 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

Google photo

您的留言將使用 Google 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

Twitter picture

您的留言將使用 Twitter 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

Facebook照片

您的留言將使用 Facebook 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

連結到 %s